Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA



 


Notizen: Wikipedia 2016:
Des Moines is the capital and the most populous city in the U.S. state of Iowa. It is also the county seat of Polk County. A small portion of the city extends into Warren County. It was incorporated on September 22, 1851, as Fort Des Moines which was shortened to "Des Moines" in 1857. It is named after the Des Moines River, which may have been adapted from the French Rivière des Moines, meaning "River of the Monks". The city's population was 203,433 as of the 2010 census. The five-county metropolitan area is ranked 91st in terms of population in the United States with 599,789 residents according to the 2013 estimate by the United States Census Bureau.
Des Moines is a major center of the U.S. insurance industry and has a sizable financial services and publishing business base. In fact, Des Moines was credited as the "number one spot for U.S. insurance companies" in a Business Wire article and named the third largest "insurance capital" of the world. The city is the headquarters for the Principal Financial Group, Athene USA insurance, the Meredith Corporation, Ruan Transportation, EMC Insurance Companies, and Wellmark Blue Cross Blue Shield. Other major corporations such as Wells Fargo, Voya Financial, Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, ACE Limited, Marsh, Monsanto and Pioneer Hi-Bred have large operations in or near the metro area. In recent years Microsoft, Hewlett Packard and Facebook have established data processing and logistical facilities in the Des Moines metro. Forbes magazine ranked Des Moines as the "Best Place for Business" in both 2010 and 2013. In 2014, NBC ranked Des Moines as the "Wealthiest City in America" according to its criteria.
Des Moines is an important city in U.S. presidential politics because it is the capital of Iowa, which is home to the first caucuses of the presidential primary cycle. Hence, many presidential candidates set up campaign headquarters in Des Moines. A 2007 article in The New York Times stated "if you have any desire to witness presidential candidates in the most close-up and intimate of settings, there is arguably no better place to go than Des Moines".
History:
The juncture of the Des Moines and Raccoon rivers has attracted humans for at least 7,000 years. Several prehistoric occupation areas have been identified in downtown Des Moines by archaeologists. Discovered in December 2010, the "Palace" is an expansive 7,000-year-old site located at the new wastewater treatment plant in southeastern Des Moines. It contains well-preserved house deposits and numerous graves. State of Iowa archaeologist John Doershuk was assisted by the University of Iowa archaeologists at this dig.
At least three Late Prehistoric villages stood in or near downtown Des Moines, dating from about AD 1300 to 1700. In addition, 15 to 18 prehistoric American Indian mounds were observed in downtown Des Moines by early settlers. All have been destroyed.
The City of Des Moines traces its origins to May 1843, when Captain James Allen supervised the construction of a fort on the site where the Des Moines and Raccoon Rivers merge. Allen wanted to use the name Fort Raccoon; however, the U.S. War Department told him to name it Fort Des Moines. The fort was built to control the Sauk and Meskwaki Indians, who had been transplanted to the area from their traditional lands in eastern Iowa. The fort was abandoned in 1846 after the Sauk and Meskwaki were removed from the state.
The Sauk and Meskwaki did not fare well in Des Moines. The illegal whiskey trade, combined with the destruction of traditional lifeways, led to severe problems. One newspaper reported: "It is a fact that the location of Fort Des Moines among the Sac and Fox Indians (under its present commander) for the last two years, had corrupted them more and lowered them deeper in the scale of vice and degradation, than all their intercourse with the whites for the ten years previous". Even after official removal, the Meskwaki continued to return to Des Moines until around 1857. Archaeological excavations have demonstrated that many fort-related features survived under what is now Martin Luther King, Jr. Parkway and First Street. Soldiers stationed at Fort Des Moines opened the first coal mines in the area, mining coal from the riverbank for the fort's blacksmith.
Settlers occupied the abandoned fort and nearby areas. On May 25, 1846, Fort Des Moines became the seat of Polk County. Arozina Perkins, a school teacher who spent the winter of 1850–1851 in the town of Fort Des Moines, was not favorably impressed:
This is one of the strangest looking "cities" I ever saw... This town is at the juncture of the Des Moines and Raccoon rivers. It is mostly a level prairie with a few swells or hills around it. We have a court house of "brick", and one church, a plain, framed building belonging to the Methodists. There are two taverns here, one of which has a most important little bell that rings together some fifty boarders. I cannot tell you how many dwellings there are, for I have not counted them; some are of logs, some of brick, some framed, and some are the remains of the old dragoon houses...The people support two papers and there are several dry goods shops. I have been into but four of them... Society is as varied as the buildings are. There are people from nearly every state, and Dutch, Swedes, etc.
In May 1851, much of the town was destroyed during the Flood of 1851. "The Des Moines and Raccoon rivers rose to an unprecedented height, inundating the entire country east of the Des Moines river. Crops were utterly destroyed, houses and fences swept away." This flood provided a clean slate for the city to grow on.
On September 22, 1851, Des Moines was incorporated as a city, the charter was approved by voters on October 18. In 1857, the name "Fort Des Moines" was shortened to "Des Moines" and the state capital was moved here from Iowa City. Growth was slow during the Civil War period, but the city exploded in size and importance after a railroad link was completed in 1866.
In 1864, the Des Moines Coal Company was organized to begin the first systematic mining in the region. Its first mine, north of town on the west side of the river, was exhausted by 1873. The Black Diamond mine, near the south end of the West Seventh Street Bridge, sunk a 150-foot (46 m) mine shaft to reach a 5-foot-thick (1.5 m) coal bed. By 1876, this mine employed 150 men and shipped 20 carloads of coal per day. By 1885, there were numerous mine shafts within the city limits, and mining began to spread into the surrounding countryside. By 1893, there were 23 mines in the region. By 1908, the coal resources of Des Moines were largely exhausted. Nonetheless, in 1912, Des Moines was home to eight locals of the United Mine Workers union representing a total of 1,410 miners. This represents about 1.7 percent of the city's population in 1910.
By 1880, Des Moines had a population of 22,408 making it Iowa's largest city, and displacing the three Mississippi River ports (Burlington, Dubuque, and Davenport) that had alternated holding the position since the territorial period. Des Moines has remained Iowa's most populous city ever since. In 1910, the Census Bureau reported Des Moines' population as 97.3% white and 2.7% black.
"City Beautiful" project, decline and rebirth
The Barney Sakulin cabin moved from Washington County memorializes Fort Des Moines.
At the turn of the 20th century, Des Moines undertook a "City Beautiful" project in which large Beaux Arts public buildings and fountains were constructed along the Des Moines River. The former Des Moines Public Library building (now the home of the World Food Prize), the central Post Office (now Polk County Administrative Building with a newer addition attached), and the City Hall are surviving examples of the 1900–1910 buildings. They form the Civic Center Historic District.
The ornate riverfront balustrade that still line the Des Moines and Raccoon River were built by the federal Civilian Conservation Corps in the mid-1930s. The ornamental fountains that once stood along the riverbank were buried in the 1950s, when the city began a post-industrial decline which lasted until the late 1980s. The city has since rebounded, transforming from a blue-collar industrial city to a white-collar professional city.
In 1907, the city adopted a city commission government known as the Des Moines Plan, comprising an elected mayor and four commissioners who were responsible for public works, public property, public safety, and finance. This form of government was scrapped in 1950 in favor of a council-manager government, and further changed in 1967 so that four of the seven city council members were elected by ward rather than at-large. As with many major urban areas, the city core began losing population to the suburbs in the 1960s (the peak population of 208,982 was recorded in 1960). The population was 198,682 in 2000 and grew slightly to 200,538 in 2009. However, the growth of the outlying suburbs has been a constant and the overall metro area population is over 600,000 today.
During the Great Flood of 1993, heavy rains throughout June and early July caused the Des Moines and Raccoon Rivers to rise above flood stage levels. The Des Moines Water Works was submerged by flood waters during the early morning hours of July 11, 1993, leaving an estimated 250,000 people without running water for 12 days and without drinking water for 20 days. Des Moines suffered major flooding again in June 2008 with a major levee breach. The Des Moines river is controlled upstream by Saylorville Reservoir, but in both 1993 and 2008 the river overtopped the reservoir spillway.
Today, Des Moines is a member of ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability USA. Through ICLEI, Des Moines has implemented "The Tomorrow Plan", a regional plan focused on developing central Iowa in a sustainable fashion, centrally planning growth and resource consumption to manage the local population.

OpenStreetMap

Ort : Geographische Breite: 41.6005448, Geographische Länge: -93.60910639999997


Geburt

Treffer 1 bis 12 von 12

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Geburt    Personen-Kennung 
1 Ault, Verna LaVon  28 Okt 1932Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I167943
2 Darbyshire, Frank Matthew  11 Mai 1858Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I174076
3 Estey, Arthur Benjamin  24 Jul 1916Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I17913
4 Hawbaker, Bonnie May  6 Jan 1934Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I68461
5 Hawbaker, Darlene M.  17 Aug 1927Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I68480
6 Helm, Beatrice E.  9 Nov 1919Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I68470
7 Newbury, Myrna Louise  5 Mai 1936Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I68458
8 Proudfit, Gilbert L.  12 Jun 1927Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I68481
9 Rathbun, Robert L.  2 Jan 1908Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I88132
10 Wier, Virginia Elsie  15 Feb 1915Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I168010
11 Zimbelman, George Richard  13 Okt 1924Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I156008
12 Zimbelman, John Friedrich  11 Jun 1929Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I156006

Gestorben

Treffer 1 bis 20 von 20

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Gestorben    Personen-Kennung 
1 Agan, Earl R.  2 Dez 2009Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I168323
2 Ault, Verna LaVon  11 Jan 2001Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I167943
3 Bollman, Olive Clemantine  5 Dez 1966Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I65589
4 Bouma, Fannie Jane  9 Sep 1990Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I68460
5 Hagenloch, Lydia Christina  25 Okt 1958Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I68531
6 Hartzell, Emily  28 Feb 1919Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I24053
7 Hawbaker, Darlene M.  2 Jun 2014Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I68480
8 Hawbaker, Leah N.  1993Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I68456
9 Hieb, Herbert  Mrz 1967Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I63315
10 Hieb, Johann  7 Nov 1970Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I63306
11 Konzen, Harold Mathias  22 Nov 1953Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I147495
12 Mettler, Gertrude  Jan 1981Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I123327
13 Newbury, Thomas J.  2 Apr 1974Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I68457
14 Pietz, Ella Kathryn  23 Mrz 2008Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I88946
15 Proudfit, Gilbert L.  27 Mrz 2015Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I68481
16 Proudfit, Harold Audrey  8 Aug 1959Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I168335
17 Pudwill, Donald Duane  15 Mai 1990Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I151669
18 Rendulich, Josephine Rose  10 Sep 2006Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I94329
19 Starkey, Emma C.  Dez 1987Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I63307
20 van Zitteren, Albert  23 Jun 2006Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, USA I123329