Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA



 


Notizen: Wikiprdie 2017:
Riverside is a city in Riverside County, California, United States, located in the Inland Empire metropolitan area. Riverside is the county seat of the eponymous county and named for its location beside the Santa Ana River. It is the most populous city in the Inland Empire and in Riverside County, and is located about 60 miles (97 km) east of Los Angeles. It is also part of the Greater Los Angeles area. Riverside is the 59th most populous city in the United States and 12th most populous city in California. As of the 2010 Census, Riverside had a population of 303,871.
Riverside was founded in the early 1870s. It is the birthplace of the California citrus industry and home of the Mission Inn, the largest Mission Revival Style building in the United States. It is also home to the Riverside National Cemetery.
The University of California, Riverside, is located in the northeastern part of the city. The university also hosts the Riverside Sports Complex. Other attractions in Riverside include the Fox Performing Arts Center, Riverside Metropolitan Museum, which houses exhibits and artifacts of local history, the California Museum of Photography, the California Citrus State Historic Park, and the Parent Washington Navel Orange Tree, the last of the two original navel orange trees in California.
History:
In the late 1700s and early 1800s, the area was inhabited by Cahuilla and the Serrano people. Californios such as Bernardo Yorba and Juan Bandini established ranches during the first half of the 19th century. In the 1860s, Louis Prevost launched the California Silk Center Association, a short-lived experiment in sericulture. In the wake of its failure, John W. North purchased some of its land and formed the Southern California Colony Association to promote the area's development. In March 1870, North distributed posters announcing the formation of a colony in California. North, a staunch temperance-minded abolitionist from New York State, had formerly founded Northfield, Minnesota. A few years later, some navel orange trees were planted and found to be such a success that full-scale planting began. Riverside was temperance minded, and Republican. There were four saloons in Riverside when it was founded. The license fees were raised until the saloons moved out of Riverside. Investors from England and Canada transplanted traditions and activities adopted by prosperous citizens. As a result, the first golf course and polo field in Southern California were built in Riverside.
The first orange trees were planted in 1871, but the citrus industry Riverside is famous for beginning three years later (1874) when Eliza Tibbetts received three Brazilian navel orange trees sent to her by a personal friend, William Saunders who was a horticulturist at the United States Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C. The trees came from Bahia, Brazil. The Bahia orange did not thrive in Florida, but its success in Southern California was phenomenal.
The three trees were planted on the Tibbetts' property. One of the trees died after it was trampled by a cow during the first year it was planted. After the trampling, the two remaining trees were transplanted to property belonging to Sam McCoy to receive better care than L. C. Tibbetts, Eliza's husband, could provide. Later, the trees were again transplanted, one at the Mission Inn property in 1903 by President Theodore Roosevelt (this tree died in 1922), and the other was placed at the intersection of Magnolia and Arlington Ave. Eliza Tibbetts was honored with a stone marker placed with the tree. That tree still stands to this day inside a protective fence abutting what is now a major intersection.
The trees thrived in the Southern California climate and the navel orange industry grew rapidly. Many growers purchased bud wood and then grafted the cuttings to root stock. Within a few years, the successful cultivation of many thousands of the newly discovered Brazilian navel orange led to a California Gold Rush of a different kind: the establishment of the citrus industry, which is commemorated in the landscapes and exhibits of the California Citrus State Historic Park and the restored packing houses in the downtown's Marketplace district. By 1882, there were more than half a million citrus trees in California, almost half of which were in Riverside. The development of refrigerated railroad cars and innovative irrigation systems established Riverside as the richest city in the United States (in terms of income per capita) by 1895.
As the city prospered, a small guest hotel designed in the popular Mission Revival style, known as the Glenwood Tavern, eventually grew to become the Mission Inn, favored by presidents, royalty and movie stars. Inside was housed a special chair made for the sizable President William Howard Taft. The hotel was modeled after the missions left along the California coast by Franciscan friars in the 18th and 19th centuries. (Although Spanish missionaries came as far inland as San Bernardino (San Bernardino de Sena Estancia), east of Riverside, there was no actual Spanish mission in what is now Riverside.) Postcards of lush orange groves, swimming pools and magnificent homes have attracted vacationers and entrepreneurs throughout the years. Many relocated to the warm, dry climate for reasons of health and to escape Eastern winters. Victoria Avenue, with its scattering of elegant turn-of-the-century homes, and citrus-lined paseo, serves as a reminder of European investors who settled here.

OpenStreetMap

Ort : Geographische Breite: 33.9533487, Geographische Länge: -117.3961564


Geburt

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   Nachname, Taufnamen    Geburt    Personen-Kennung 
1 Shepard, Gilbert Ellis  5 Apr 1932Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I157720
2 Zimbelman, Joy Fay  3 Jul 1932Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I3636

Gestorben

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   Nachname, Taufnamen    Gestorben    Personen-Kennung 
1 Baker, Mary Ann  23 Nov 1900Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I47662
2 Damewood, Myrtle Allie  10 Jun 1985Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I83124
3 Davis, Kathryn Fairchild  DECEASEDRiverside, Riverside County, California, USA I83104
4 Hawbaker, Eldon John  1 Dez 1972Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I168009
5 Huntoon, William B.  5 Jan 1899Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I47661
6 Johnson, Arelene Thora  Okt 1987Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I101322
7 Leitner, Arlene Mae  17 Aug 1995Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I94458
8 Martin, Marion Miller  3 Feb 1966Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I83115
9 Nordstrom, James Fredrick  12 Feb 2000Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I97121
10 Solie, Nona Eileen  31 Aug 2011Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I97131
11 Spuhler, Robert W  17 Aug 1995Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I94459
12 Staples, Elinor Irene  21 Jun 1990Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I95201
13 Walcker, Jacob J.  1976Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I156847
14 Wall, Charles Francis  18 Mrz 1960Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I83123
15 Wier, Virginia Elsie  18 Dez 1995Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I168010
16 Wiest, William W.  24 Jul 1984Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I101321

Begraben

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   Nachname, Taufnamen    Begraben    Personen-Kennung 
1 Beierle, Wilhelmine  5 Jan 1987Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I95178
2 Collette, Edward George  23 Okt 2003Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I110335
3 Elhardt, Lorita Dean  21 Dez 1995Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I94948
4 Fandrich, Andrew  4 Nov 1963Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I95193
5 Hust, Alton  Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I116867
6 King, Vernon Dale  22 Jan 1985Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I117676
7 Leitner, Arlene Mae  26 Aug 1995Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I94458
8 Nordstrom, James Fredrick  25 Feb 2000Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I97121
9 Parton, Donald Jefferson Davis  Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I109491
10 Schuldheisz, Fern Ellen  7 Dez 1999Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I117675
11 Spuhler, Robert W  26 Aug 1995Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA I94459

Verheiratet

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   Familie    Verheiratet    Familien-Kennung 
1 Reeves / Lehr  9 Jun 1984Riverside, Riverside County, California, USA F56748